Posted: May 22nd, 2023
In addition, it prescribes the criminal responsibilities for both the corrupt state officials and members of the public who try to compromise them to engage in corrupt activities. To ensure the sustainability of these provisions, the Law on Anti-Corruption Efforts has a provision for whistleblowers and witness protection. They are protected by hiding their identity unless it becomes absolutely necessary to reveal their physical protection18. Similarly, theâ€™Â Code of Ethics for State Officialsâ€™Â states administrative offences of state officials. They are not to engage in corrupt activities or any acts that may portray their person as to be engaging in illegal transactions or incompatible with the dispensation of public duties19. This creates the justification for restriction from any commercial or gainful activities with the exception of scientific, instruction and creativity20. Further, state officers are restricted from any gainful gambling with other state offices. Though it is not a criminal offence, it attracts disciplinary action where if repeated in a span of one year will lead to demotion or dismissal21. To complement this, state officials are required to declare their wealth within and outside the republic of Kazakhstan and file their tax returns on annual income as prescribe by law
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